By Shearer Davis Bowman
One of the nearby landed elites within the Western global of the mid-1800s, the 2 so much bold have been the vendors of slave plantations within the Southern states of the U.S. and the owners of manorial estates within the provinces of Prussian East Elbia. Masters and Lords surveys the commercial, social, and political histories of the 2 sessions from the 17th and 16th centuries respectively, and will pay specific recognition to planters in the course of the secession challenge of 1860-61 and to Junkers in the course of the progressive challenge of 1848-49. within the technique, Bowman grapples with such ambiguous and contentious options as capitalism, conservatism, and paternalism. regardless of very assorted hard work structures, antebellum planters and contemporaneous Junkers alike presided over landed estates that functioned as either autocratic political groups and agricultural corporations exporting beneficial commodities to industrializing England. This e-book additionally highlights vital geographic, demographic, and political contrasts among the South and East Elbia as neighborhood societies. Bowman concludes that the the most important contrast among the 2 landed elites is to be present in the Junkers' militarist and estatist monarchism as opposed to the planters' libertarian yet racist republicanism.
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Additional resources for Masters and Lords: Mid-19th-Century U.S. Planters and Prussian Junkers
At Schonhausen, where Bismarck had been born and where he took up residence shortly after his father's death in 1845, approximately 1,260 acres were farmed by both a substantial number of contractual laborers and thirty-two smallholders (for example, Kossaten and Biidner), who continued to perform traditional servile dues until 1852. 98 Ill Some basic analogies between planters and Junkers can be highlighted by contrasting the two elites to the landed aristocracy (gentry and peerage) of nineteenthcentury England.
Max Weber made some interesting observations along this line 33 Masters & Lords in 1919—20. " By this definition a decided minority of Junkers, and even fewer planters, qualified as aristocrats. "The only country which really possesses such an aristocracy in Europe is England," said Weber. " 99 Yet we should treat skeptically any suggestion that nineteenth-century English landlords lacked the initiative and talents of successful business managers. Although they may have rented out their land, notes J.
The dramatic impact of the black/white dichotomy and anti-Negro racism on the Old South will be a recurring theme of this comparative study. Some perceptive observations on the subject came from the pen of Prussian historian Friedrich von Raumer after he visited the United States in 1844. As a classical liberal who had served under the reformist Chancellor Hardenberg in 1810—11, helping to draft statutes providing for the end of obligations owed by former serfs to their manorial lords, Raumer affirmed in the 1840s "that slavery and serfdom .
Masters and Lords: Mid-19th-Century U.S. Planters and Prussian Junkers by Shearer Davis Bowman