By Klaus Zwerger
Construction with wooden as an ecologically achievable fabric is a convention with an extended background. The trees structure which has ensued during the last centuries unearths to the fashionable observer the intensity of information which has enabled either japanese und Western cultures to exploit this excellent fabric in this kind of inventive means. within the most common approach to construction with wooden, components are attached through the use of wooden joints which don't require the help of adhesives or steel connectors. This paintings of wooden jointing reached its zenith in Japan yet Europe too supplied its proportion of hugely influential types. by means of taking a look at a number of hundred examples from Japan and 18 ecu international locations, with a brand new bankruptcy on China further to this enlarged version, this publication describes in nice element the background of bushes structure when it comes to its technical, aesthetic and ecological dimensions. This thorough research is a mine of knowledge to experts during this box it opens as much as the craftsman of at the present time what has develop into a nearly forgotten global and offers a desirable account for the final reader. „Here is a guy who has trekked although the wild Carpathian forests, the Norwegian outback, the Russian steppes and imprecise areas of Japan in pursuit of the wooden joint. He tells the tale with a feeling of unfolding discovery for someone drawn to how structures paintings this ebook is a pleasure to read.» the architects‘ magazine.
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Additional resources for Das Holz und seine Verbindungen
At first, mankind used what was near to hand. Archaeological findings report a variegated mix of many different types of building timbers next to each other, trees and shrubs of all kinds. A discovery from the Neolithic Age records 13 different types of timber used in building one collection of huts! 102 Owing to their flexibility they were the most suitable types for wattlework. (Fig. 63) This way of joining wood was already very familiar to the people of the Neolithic Age; we are able to tell that they selected their materials very specifically.
However, setting up the columns at an angle alleviated this problem. If in a log building one wanted to incorporate door and window frames while setting up the walls, one had to know the degree of future shrinkage of the logs very accurately. In a way this knowledge is no less impressive than that required by the rebuilders of the Ise-jingu who could work to an accuracy of a tenth of a millimetre. In that special case, detailed records kept over many generations of reconstruction replaced the personal imparting and handing-down of the knowledge.
P. 94 Information given personally by the carpenter. Harada, 1936, p. , p. , p. , p. , p. , p. 59 Gerner, 1979, p. , p. 66 f. Haiding, 1975, p. 4 Taut, 1958, p. , p. 191 Lissenko, 1989, pp. 53, 56 The Umgebindehaus log construction was combined with timber-frame construction in most cases, but quite intentionally, in order to exploit the different rates of shrinkage to relieve the wall construction from the weight of the roof. (cf. note 54) kenchiku gakai, 1992, p. The central columns of the oldest pagodas were set up buried deep in the ground on a padstone.
Das Holz und seine Verbindungen by Klaus Zwerger