By Bernard Feilden
In view that its book in 1982 Sir Bernard Feilden's Conservation of old constructions has turn into the traditional textual content for architects and others interested in the conservation of old constructions. prime practitioners around the globe have praised the ebook as being the main major unmarried quantity at the topic to be released. This 3rd variation revises and updates a vintage e-book, together with thoroughly new sections on conservation of recent move structures and non-destructive research. the results of the lifetime's event of 1 of the world's prime architectural conservators, the booklet comprehensively surveys the basic rules of conservation of their software to historical constructions, and gives the elemental details wanted by way of architects, engineers and surveyors for the answer of difficulties of architectural conservation in nearly each climatic sector of the realm. This version is prepared into 3 complementary components: within the first the constitution of constructions is handled intimately; the second one focuses realization at the motives of deterioration and the fabrics they impact; and the 3rd considers the sensible position of the architect inquisitive about conservation and rehabilitation. in addition to being crucial interpreting for architects and others enthusiastic about conservation, many lay individuals with different types of accountability for old constructions will locate this in actual fact written, jargon-free paintings a fruitful resource of steering and knowledge. * achieve a necessary perception into the development conservation global * enjoy the world's major authority * effortless to appreciate, jargon-free resource of steering and data
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Extra resources for Conservation of Historic Buildings,
Designing to rather finer limits meant an ultimate sacrifice of durability. It is interesting to note that of the part of the Ospizio di San Michele, Rome, which was built hurriedly and cheaply, a section fell down after about two centuries, whereas the rest has been consolidated at much less expense. In earthquake zones the quality of workmanship is often the difference between collapse and stability. Although workmanship is extremely difficult to assess, a study of all repairs carried out previously is indicative of quality.
Short of completely reconstructing such walls and piers with weak rubble cores and the like, grouting is the only available technique, possibly assisted by the introduction of a limited amount of reinforcement. Stronger mortars for this purpose are desirable, but Portland cement mortar again must be criticized on the grounds of excessive hardness, lack of elasticity and impermeability. With uniform loading on ground that offers uniform support, a building should settle uniformly even if the ground loading is excessive by modern standards.
Although the approach is in terms of elements, it must also be emphasized that each structure must ultimately be considered as a whole before making a final assessment. Thus there is little value in considering the stability of, say, an arch, without considering its supports and the firmness of the ground on which they rest. 35 This Page Intentionally Left Blank 3 Structural elements I: Beams, arches, vaults and domes Beams Post and lintel, column and beam and slabs made of beams side by side, resting on continuous walls, are the most elementary form of building construction in both timber and masonry.
Conservation of Historic Buildings, by Bernard Feilden