By William S. Pintz, Hermina Morita
This publication records the socio-environmental context and early background of Hawaii's try and replacement renewable strength resources and effort potency measures for oil imports. It identifies components of coverage formula the place fresh strength thoughts have been potent and parts the place the state's coverage method was once both irrelevant or limited through political or institutional factors.
Although Hawaii's fresh strength Initiative is a distinct partnership, formulated to fulfill Hawaii's particular wishes and assets, the coverage strategy addressed difficulties which are universal open air the kingdom. whereas the case examine comprises fresh power regulations, a number of the matters are appropriate to public coverage improvement themes in different sectors. Examples of those "general curiosity" coverage subject matters include:
• figuring out how the political and socioeconomic weather may well impact coverage assumptions
• formulating a regulatory and felony framework for tracking coverage compliance
• designing and knowing the results of subsidy and tax-incentive policies
• dealing with conflicts with regulations in different sectors;
• addressing the pursuits of current and destiny stakeholders;
• developing options for public session and data dissemination;
• utilizing exterior services from executive businesses, educational associations and personal consultants;
• designing functionality and overview metrics for measuring progress.
The publication is meant to be used in graduate and senior undergraduate classes facing the formula, implementation and impression of public coverage. It additionally offers researchers desirous about the improvement and implementation of fresh strength with a advisor to the hurdles prone to be encountered in relocating innovation from the technical sphere to the sensible genuine international and the way to beat them. specialist policymakers may gain advantage from an instance of a method to create a conceivable fresh power policy.
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Extra resources for Clean Energy from the Earth, Wind and Sun: Learning from Hawaii's Search for a Renewable Energy Strategy
5 Public Acceptance In Hawaii, public attitudes toward energy development represent formidable challenges. In addition to the “not-in-my-back-yard” concerns, opposition sometimes involves deeply held cultural beliefs. While cultural concerns are experienced elsewhere they are accentuated in Hawaii. An illustrative example of the interaction of market size and public opposition lies in the geothermal resources of the Big Island. Geothermal is the largest renewable energy resource in the islands.
This electricity is used for a variety of standard household functions including air conditioning, water heating, lighting, appliances, etc. Since space heating and air conditioning needs are limited in the islands most policy attention focuses on water heating. Conversion from electrical to solar water heating reduces electrical 5 Studies by the University of Hawaii suggest that of the 20 highest GHG emitting economic activities in the state, 35 % are linked to tourism. 4 Overview of Energy Demand 21 Fig.
3 Petroleum end use in Hawaii. Courtesy of Department of Business Economic Development and Tourism January (2013) arguing that over the long term, oil prices will inevitably rise, and the cost difference between oil-based and renewable-based technologies will disappear. 3 presents a simpliﬁed summary of the consumption of energy by the major sectors. The distinguishing characteristic of energy demand in Hawaii is the abnormally high demand for petroleum in the electricity and transportation sectors.
Clean Energy from the Earth, Wind and Sun: Learning from Hawaii's Search for a Renewable Energy Strategy by William S. Pintz, Hermina Morita