By Isabelle Duyvesteyn
Oil, diamonds, bushes, nutrients relief - just some of the feedback recommend as factors for African wars long ago decade.
Another set of feedback makes a speciality of ethnic and extended family concerns. those monetary and ethnic or extended family reasons contend that wars are in particular no longer fought by way of states for political pursuits with normally traditional army capability, as initially advised via Carl von Clausewitz within the nineteenth century. This learn shows how replacement social firms to the nation can be viewed as political actors utilizing struggle as a political instrument.
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Extra resources for Clausewitz and African War: Politics and Strategy in Liberia and Somalia
A centre of gravity on the operational level could still be the opponent’s armed force, the combatants could still be distinguished by uniform or other physical distinction, and the number of armed supporters could be recruited by means other than national conscription, as was done in cases of revolutionary war involving ideological indoctrination. The emphasis on conventional war is not to suggest that Clausewitz in his writings focused exclusively on this type of war. 84 This part of the hypothesis has been included in order to question potential biases towards particular types of war.
Barre favoured an ever-closer circle of clan and family members, and the opposition to his rule increased. At the beginning of the 1980s a failed coup by Abdillahi Yusuf, an Isaq from the north, unleashed terror on the Isaq clan. The Isaq were a relatively wealthy clan and had played an important role in Somali politics after independence. The attacks on Barre’s regime continued, and Barre decided to make formal peace with Ethiopia, the main supporter of the Somali opposition movements, hoping to cut off the groups from their supply and support base.
It is the oldest state in West Africa. The United States has exercised substantial inﬂuence, but Liberia has never been formally colonised. Large parts of the country are made up of thick jungle. Swamps with mangrove trees, low bushes and oil palm trees mark the coastal region, stretching inland for about 40 kilometres. Thereafter the country rises and forms a plateau, making up half of Liberia, broken up by mountain ranges, which contain iron ore and are mostly covered by thick rainforest. A large part of the country is inaccessible to motorised vehicles.
Clausewitz and African War: Politics and Strategy in Liberia and Somalia by Isabelle Duyvesteyn