By Franklin P. Huddle (auth.), V. D. Fréchette, L. D. Pye, J. S. Reed (eds.)
The convention on rising Priorities in Ceramic Engineer ing and technology, held at Alfred college, November 4-6, 1974, was once prepared to supply a foundation for reassessment targets, strategies and outlook. American priorities between convenience, protection, nationwide status, defense, comfort and environmental caliber are considerably assorted from these of a dozen years in the past. fiscal elements have shifted, as exempli fied by means of scarcities in strength, mate rials and international nutrients provides. while, calls for for more secure items, more healthy paintings ing stipulations and fairer ideas of habit are making them selves felt. Governmental, company and customer pursuits are all concerned and they're intricately inte rrelated. greater schooling, for its half, mustn't ever in simple terms reply properly to altering pupil perspective, itself part of the nationwide scene, yet needs to achieve viewpoint towards the current and towards adjustments of but unknown nature which are anticipated sooner or later. continual and pointed questions from engineers, managers, and scholars have been a sign to us of widely used predicament to appreciate the recent trend of priorities that's almost immediately rising. in accordance with this desire, convention papers have been invited from exotic engineers, scientists, and different experts; their willingness to give a contribution from their services and their considering is especially a lot favored via the editors. the 1st 4 chapters of the amount care for the bigger scene and with the viewpoints of these all in favour of it in behalf of presidency, firms and the professions.
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Extra resources for Ceramic Engineering and Science: Emerging Priorities
The second change is in the nature of the problems themselves. Today we tend to view all of our problems as being strongly influenced by the basic problem of stabilizing and maintaining a large human population indefinitely in a world of finite resources; technical discussions generally take place against this background. Let us take a moment to examine this general question. Reasonable men differ on the immediacy and severity of resource limitations. Views on the long-term prospects, EMERGING PRIORITIES 39 beyond the next few decades, differ widely.
The abundance of ceramic resources should lead to increasing substitution of ceramics for other materials if the technology and economics become favorable. Starr and Rudman believe that the contribution of new technologies has been underestimated in the Club of Rome models. They suggest that investing a fixed fraction of the gross national product in developing new technology will produce an exponential, indefinitely-continuing growth in new technology. This technological growth would eventually dominate all other parameters in determining the long-term approach to a steady state world.
In their "standard" world model which assumes no major change in the physical, economic, or social relationships that have historically governed the development of the world's system, they show population rising to a maximum in the next century and falling by the year 2100 to about half this maximum value, while food per capita and industrial output per capita show even more drastic decreases from their maximum values which occur somewhat earlier. In their "Stabilized World Model II" they assume that 100 percent effective birth control is available throughout the world in 1975 together with an average desired family size of two children.
Ceramic Engineering and Science: Emerging Priorities by Franklin P. Huddle (auth.), V. D. Fréchette, L. D. Pye, J. S. Reed (eds.)