A tale of seven scientists and a new philosophy of science by Eric Scerri PDF

By Eric Scerri

ISBN-10: 0190232994

ISBN-13: 9780190232993

In his most recent booklet, Eric Scerri offers a very unique account of the character of medical development. It includes a holistic and unified strategy within which technology is noticeable as a dwelling and evolving unmarried organism. rather than clinical revolutions that includes tremendously proficient members, Scerri argues that the "little humans" give a contribution up to the "heroes" of technological know-how. to do that he examines seven case reviews of just about unknown chemists and physicists within the early twentieth century quest to find the constitution of the atom. They contain the beginner scientist Anton van den Broek who pioneered the idea of atomic quantity in addition to Edmund Stoner a then physics graduate scholar who supplied the seed for Pauli's Exclusion precept. one other case is the physicist John Nicholson who's nearly unknown and but used to be the 1st to suggest the suggestion of quantization of angular momentum that used to be quickly positioned to solid use through Niels Bohr.

Instead of concentrating on the common sense and rationality of technological know-how, Scerri elevates the function of trial and mistake and a number of discovery and strikes past the suggestion of medical advancements being wrong or right. whereas criticizing Thomas Kuhn's suggestion of medical revolutions he has the same opinion with Kuhn that technological know-how isn't really drawn in the direction of an exterior fact yet is very pushed from inside of. The ebook will liven up the long-standing debate at the nature of technology, which has more and more shied clear of the large query of "what is science?"

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The End is Nigh: A History of Natural Disasters by Henrik Svensen PDF

By Henrik Svensen

ISBN-10: 1861894333

ISBN-13: 9781861894335

The Lisbon Earthquake of 1755. The South Asian Tsunami of 2004. The San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. typhoon Katrina in 2005. All of those are ordinary failures that not just triggered vast devastation yet really replaced the process background, and feature stimulated our reactions to and views on mess ups ever since.Spanning millennia, the tip is Nigh presents an in depth historical past of typical mess ups worldwide and the way they've got formed our cultural ideals and our sensible making plans. Henrik Svensen attracts from many eyewitness bills to bare the private tales of the sufferers of common mess ups. via them, we're reminded that whereas the mess ups are common phenomena, sufferers frequently react in comparable methods trying to clarify the catastrophe in the context of an omen or a divine warning.  A geologist, Svensen additionally explores the technology in the back of the prevalence of particular failures, and he examines no matter if weather swap is developing an atmosphere the place typical mess ups are extra common and extra lethal. the top is Nigh is as instructive because it is insightful and may attract lovers of background and technology, in addition to coverage makers and all these looking to higher organize for destiny calamities. “The finish is Nigh is a brilliant instance of storytelling throughout clinical disciplines, and in gripping prose it spans geology, geography and heritage, anthropology, sociology, and the background of religion.”—Apollon

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Balazs Hargittai, István Hargittai's Culture of Chemistry: The Best Articles on the Human Side of PDF

By Balazs Hargittai, István Hargittai

ISBN-10: 1489975640

ISBN-13: 9781489975645

ISBN-10: 1489975659

ISBN-13: 9781489975652

Includes especially chosen articles that in the past seemed within the Chemical Intelligencer journal released (1995-2000). Excerpts of those Editor's selection chapters chronicle the tradition and historical past of chemistry, that includes nice chemists and discoverers. individuals from one of the best-known authors of the chemistry group, together with quite a few Nobel laureates. gains backstage tales approximately pivotal discoveries, intricacies of laboratory existence and interactions between scientists, favourite recipes of well known researchers, existence histories and anecdotes. Chapters element the human facet of technology but additionally current clinical details communicated in an easy-to-perceive and unique method. This special ebook isn't just geared toward chemists yet people who have an interest within the cultural elements of our technology.

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New PDF release: Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science

By Matthew Stanley

ISBN-10: 022616487X

ISBN-13: 9780226164878

During the Victorian interval, the perform of technology shifted from a spiritual context to a naturalistic one. it truly is mostly assumed that this shift happened simply because naturalistic technological know-how used to be targeted from and better to theistic technological know-how. but as Huxley’s Church and Maxwell’s Demon finds, many of the methodological values underlying clinical perform have been almost exact for the theists and the naturalists: every one agreed at the value of the uniformity of ordinary legislation, using speculation and conception, the ethical price of technological know-how, and highbrow freedom. but when clinical naturalism didn't upward thrust to dominance due to its methodological superiority, then how did it triumph?
           
Matthew Stanley explores the overlap and shift among theistic and naturalistic technology via a parallel examine of 2 significant clinical figures: James Clerk Maxwell, a religious Christian physicist, and Thomas Henry Huxley, the iconoclast biologist who coined the note agnostic. either have been deeply engaged within the methodological, institutional, and political concerns that have been the most important to the theistic-naturalistic transformation. What Stanley’s research of those figures finds is that the clinical naturalists done a couple of ideas over a new release to achieve regulate of the associations of medical schooling and to reimagine the background in their self-discipline. instead of a unexpected revolution, the similarity among theistic and naturalistic technological know-how allowed for a comparatively delicate transition in perform from the outdated safeguard to the new.

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Read e-book online Losing Touch with Nature: Literature and the New Science in PDF

By Mary Thomas Crane

ISBN-10: 1421415313

ISBN-13: 9781421415314

ISBN-10: 1421415321

ISBN-13: 9781421415321

During the clinical revolution, the dominant Aristotelian photograph of nature, which cohered heavily with logic and usual perceptual event, was once thoroughly overthrown. even if we now take without any consideration the information that the earth revolves round the sunlight and that doubtless sturdy subject consists of tiny debris, those recommendations appeared both counterintuitive, anxiousness frightening, and at odds with our ancestors’ embodied event of the area. In Losing contact with Nature, Mary Thomas Crane examines the complicated manner that the recent science’s danger to intuitive Aristotelian notions of the flora and fauna used to be taken care of and mirrored within the paintings of Edmund Spenser, Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare, and different early smooth writers.

Crane breaks new flooring through arguing that sixteenth-century rules in regards to the universe have been really even more refined, rational, and observation-based than many literary critics have assumed. The earliest levels of the medical revolution in England have been so much powerfully skilled as a divergence of intuitive technology from authentic technological know-how, inflicting a schism among embodied human adventure of the realm and realized reasons of ways the area works. This interesting e-book lines the starting to be know-how of that epistemological hole via textbooks and average philosophy treatises to canonical poetry and performs, presciently registering and exploring the importance of the human loss that observed the beginnings of contemporary science.

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The concept of matter in Greek and medieval philosophy by Ernan McMullin PDF

By Ernan McMullin

ISBN-10: 0268000557

ISBN-13: 9780268000554

Corners of backbone are worn. measurement: five 1/4" x 8". No marks. Binding is tight, covers and backbone absolutely intact, yet backbone is a little bit cocked. No foxing during this replica. Edges foxed and browned. now not ex-library. Shipped Weight: below 1 kilogram. class: Philosophy; stock No: 023075.

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Read e-book online Isaac Newton on mathematical certainty and method PDF

By Niccolò Guicciardini

ISBN-10: 0262013177

ISBN-13: 9780262013178

ISBN-10: 0262258862

ISBN-13: 9780262258869

An research of Newton's mathematical paintings, from early discoveries to mature reflections, & a dialogue of Newton's perspectives at the function & nature of arithmetic, during this publication Guicciardini reconstructs Newton's personal process via extracting it from his concrete practice.

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