By Stuart Reid
Aside from the main royal websites, equivalent to Stirling and Edinburgh, few Scottish castles have been positioned at strategic issues, or have been meant to deal with garrisons required to guard or subjugate cities. in its place they have been basically fortified residing homes, erected in an atmosphere of susceptible Royal authority and endemic feuding among rival clans and teams, in either Highland and Lowland parts. even if a few enceinte castles have been built through the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, such a lot protecting development fascinated about the tower condo, a particular vernacular type of Scottish fortification. This ebook examines the layout, improvement, and goal of those quintessentially Scottish constructions, and likewise covers greater websites reminiscent of Urquhart and Blackness.
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Extra resources for Castles And Tower Houses Of The Scottish Clans 1450-1650
They are beginning to flee. . ' " 2 4 Although the rest of The Art of War is concerned with the technical aspects of military organization—weaponry, marching order, line of command, fortifications—the section on the battle concentrates on the human qualities needed in war: courage, obedience, enthusiasm, and ferocity. We have said that in The Art of War Machiavelli makes compromises with convention. In the preface of the book he wrote that the rulers of ancient times took care to inspire all their subjects, and particularly their soldiers, with fidelity, love of peace, and fear of God.
It is very natural, therefore, for states and their rulers to wish to expand and to conquer. War is the most essential activity of political life. The continued existence of struggles and uncertainties patterns the character and the methods of war: there is no safe course. Risks must be taken in these surroundings of uncertainties and dangers, wars ought to be ended as quickly as possible with the attainment of a definite result: the complete defeat of the enemy. " 16 A quick decision, however, can be reached only in a battle.
Machiavelli's most fundamental thesis, emphasized in all his writings, is that the military forces of a ruler or of a republic must be composed by the inhabitants of the state that the army is expected to defend. " Thus, the first crucial step in military reform which Machiavelli envisages is that the state forms an army composed of its own inhabitants, that a state has its "proprie armi. "32 Machiavelli is convinced, however, that citizens will be willing to fight and die for their ruler or government only when they are content in the society in which they live.
Castles And Tower Houses Of The Scottish Clans 1450-1650 by Stuart Reid