British Fortifications Through the Reign of Richard III: An by Jean-Denis G. G. Lepage PDF

By Jean-Denis G. G. Lepage

ISBN-10: 0786459182

ISBN-13: 9780786459186

Это исследование – хроника развития британских укрепсооружений с доисторических времен до конца правления Ричарда III в 1485 году. К каждому периоду истории подобраны соответствующие примеры, а также информацию об оружии и осадных устройствах. Более 250 иллюстраций подробно и образно расскажут о каждом строении.
From the time the Romans first set foot on Englands shore in fifty five BC, the British Isles have confronted a continuing chance of international invasion. consequently, the landscapes of britain, Scotland, and eire are dotted with old shielding fortifications as diverse as their makers. Iron Age Celtic «hillforts,» Roman castra and Hadrians Wall, Anglo-Saxon dykes and Alfredian burhs, Norman mottes and stone-keeps, Edwardian castles, Irish tower homes all of them served to repel old intruders and plenty of nonetheless stand as tangible relics of a awesome previous. This research chronicles the advance of British fortifications from prehistoric instances throughout the finish of Richard IIIs reign in 1485, offering the historical past of every kind of constitution, correct examples, and data on guns and siege struggle. greater than 250 illustrations vividly aspect every one edifaces development and configuration.

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Additional info for British Fortifications Through the Reign of Richard III: An Illustrated History

Example text

An increase in craft industries), was caused by frequent and gradually more important interaction with the Roman Empire. The introduction of coinage and the development of long-range trade have been taken as evidence for increasing relationships with groups of people over large areas and the emergence of tribal identities. The developing industries may have resulted in a shift away from the hill fort warrior elites, whose power was based on agriculture. Such change is not obvious everywhere in Britain, but there was a trend of abandonment of hill forts in some areas and a proliferation of small, less-protected or undefended farmsteads, indicating a possible migration of population.

The dry-stacked stone walls of the circular settlement were 10 to 18 feet in height and 13 feet thick at the base. The diameter of the whole structure is 90 feet (30 m). , Leacanabuaile near Cahirciveen, or Carraig Aille near Lough Gur, Cashlaungar, county of Clare). Others were placed in sea-girth promontories. Duns (particularly galleried duns) and brochs (see below) certainly have features in common, although this does not prove that one was derived from the other. They could well have developed in parallel from some source common to both.

The dry-stacked stone walls of the circular settlement were 10 to 18 feet in height and 13 feet thick at the base. The diameter of the whole structure is 90 feet (30 m). , Leacanabuaile near Cahirciveen, or Carraig Aille near Lough Gur, Cashlaungar, county of Clare). Others were placed in sea-girth promontories. Duns (particularly galleried duns) and brochs (see below) certainly have features in common, although this does not prove that one was derived from the other. They could well have developed in parallel from some source common to both.

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British Fortifications Through the Reign of Richard III: An Illustrated History by Jean-Denis G. G. Lepage


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