By Hanneke Ronnes
This learn goals to explain suggestions of chateau within the Netherlands, England and eire in either previous en current occasions. the 1st a part of the booklet examines present, respectively, educational, nationwide and private appropriations of 'castle'; the second one half strikes into the previous, juxtaposing elite tradition and the spatial supplier of sixteenth and seventeenth century family structure.
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Extra info for Architecture and Elite Culture in the United Provinces, England and Ireland
Before-mentioned Teylingen (figure 11), customarily considered as a run-of-the-mill castle, was referred to in fourteenth-century historical sources as a huse (Moerman 1981, 12); the Irish Civil Survey of 1654-1656 mentioned several ‘new castles’ (see, for example, Ballynavin, County Tipperary (Farrelly and O’Brien 2002, 321)), thus post-dating the heralded ‘end of the Irish castle’. The Earl of Cork, furthermore, built a ‘lodge’ in his park, most probably a banqueting house, in the early seventeenth century, which he routinely called ‘the castle of my parck’ (Boyle 1886b [1566-1643], 156-160).
In The Low Countries some of the words in usage were huus, borg, as well as havezathe, hofstad and spieker; in Scotland: manerium, mansio, domus, locus and palatium (Tabraham 1997, 11); in England: castrum, castellum, firmitas and municipium (Brown 1976, 27); and in Ireland: caistél, caislén, longphort, daingen, dúnad and dún (O’Keeffe 2000, 26-27). ‘Modern translation of these terms is difficult’, Tadhg O’Keeffe remarks, ‘and in Chapter 2 – Academic appropriations of ‘castle’ | 33 any case the contexts in which they were used suggests that meanings changed from one situation to the next’ (O’Keeffe 2000, 27).
The ‘United Provinces’, seven in total, formed a republic, which was so unusual at the time that when William of Orange I was assassinated in 1584, a number of foreign aristocrats and rulers amongst whom the English Earl of Leicester, were invited and tried out as possible kings. When it became obvious that this experiment was doomed, the Dutch settled for an unusual political system in which the Orange princes remained in their position as stadholder but shared power with wealthy merchants and a modestly sized nobility occupying benches in the States General.
Architecture and Elite Culture in the United Provinces, England and Ireland by Hanneke Ronnes