Alternative Histories of the English Language - download pdf or read online

By Peter Trudgill, Richard J. Watts

ISBN-10: 0203468007

ISBN-13: 9780203468005

ISBN-10: 0415233569

ISBN-13: 9780415233569

This groundbreaking assortment explores the ideals and techniques to the background of English that don't make it into regular textbooks.
Orthodox histories have awarded a tunnel model of the historical past of the English language that is sociologically insufficient. during this e-book quite a number prime foreign students express how this specialize in general English dialect is to the detriment of these that are non-standard or from different parts of the area. Alternative Histories of English:
* finds the diversity of attainable 'narratives' approximately how varied kinds of 'Englishes' could have emerged
* locations emphasis on pragmatic, sociolinguistic and discourse-oriented features of English instead of the conventional grammar, vocabulary and phonology
* considers different issues together with South African English, Indian English, Southern Hemisphere Englishes, Early glossy English, women's writing, and politeness.
Presenting a fuller and richer photo of the complexity of the historical past of English, the members to Alternative Histories of English clarify why English is the varied global language it really is at the present time.

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The problem of determining the true ‘history’ of these historically attested languages becomes one of how the accidentally preserved records of the past are to be interpreted and expounded for those periods of time in which such records are available. English is one of these languages. It is in this interpretative activity that ideological positions intrude. English as the language, first of one powerful nation-state and subsequently of others (pre-eminently the USA), and also the language of a great empire, must be given a glorious history, which, as we have noticed, should be a very long history, preferably unbroken and continuous and – as far as possible – pure.

England established a protectorate over the local Miskito Indians, who the region is named after, and the area was a British dependency from 1740 to 1786. In Nicaragua, the British founded the principal Miskito coast city of Bluefields. Spain, Nicaragua, and the United States at different times disputed the legitimacy of this dependency. The issue was settled as far as Nicaragua was concerned by the occupation of what is now the Nicaraguan part of the coast by Spain in 1786, and later by a British–American treaty of 1850.

The Islands were first sighted by Columbus in 1503. They appear to have been uninhabited, but known to Carib and/or Arawak Indians. They were subsequently visited by Spanish, English, and French ships but were not claimed by any nation until they were ceded to England in 1670. Most of the settlers were British mariners, buccaneers, shipwrecked passengers, plus landgrant holders from Jamaica and African slaves (see Holm 1994). The Cayman Islands were a dependency of Jamaica until 1959, when they became a separate dependency.

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Alternative Histories of the English Language by Peter Trudgill, Richard J. Watts


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