New PDF release: Aeneas of Gaza: Theophrastus with Zacharias of Mytilene:

By Aeneas of Gaza, Zacharias of Mytilene

ISBN-10: 1472500377

ISBN-13: 9781472500373

50 years sooner than Philoponus, Christians from Gaza, looking to impact Alexandrian Christians, defended the Christian trust in resurrection and the finite length of the realm, and attacked rival Neoplatonist perspectives. Aeneas addresses an strange model of the meals chain argument opposed to resurrection, that bodies gets eaten by means of different creatures. Zacharias assaults the Platonist examples of synchronous construction, which have been the creation of sunshine, of shadow, and of a footprint within the sand. a fraction survives of a 3rd Gazan contribution by way of Procopius. Zacharias lampoons the Neoplatonist professor in Alexandria, Ammonius, and claims a number one function within the insurrection which ended in the cleverest Neoplatonist, Damascius, fleeing to Athens. It used to be in basic terms Philoponus, even if, who was once capable of embarrass the Neoplatonists by means of arguing opposed to them all alone terms.

This quantity includes an English translation of the works by means of Aeneas of Gaza and Zacharias of Mytilene, followed by means of an in depth advent, explanatory notes and a bibliography.

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Additional resources for Aeneas of Gaza: Theophrastus with Zacharias of Mytilene: Ammonius (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle)

Sample text

We may recall that Socrates opens the Statesman with a 6 Aeneas of Gaza: Theophrastus very similar phrase (ê pollen kharin opheilô), expressing his deep thanks to Theodorus for introducing him to Theaetetus – though this echo is somewhat less striking than the previous two. If we move along to 4,16-17, where Theophrastus is being set up for the elenchus that Euxitheus is about to inflict on him, he utters two phrases in succession that seem significant. First he says ‘Go ahead, ask, if indeed you wish to do me a kindness’ (eiper moi boulei kharizesthai).

For example, his Histories lie behind references to the Thracian Getai (34,11), the worship of Proteus and Helen (34,16-17), and, together with the poet Pindar, the resurrection story of Aristeas at 63,20-7. On mythological subjects, Aeneas can draw on a number of different writers, from Pindar to Apollodorus. Euxitheus’ speech beginning at 62,2, for example, includes a dense collection of resurrection stories from a variety of sources, including Apollodorus’ Library, an unknown book by Eudoxus of Cnidus, an erudite fourth-century BC author, and the historian Theopompus.

When Euxitheus defends the universal applicability of the law of Providence, echoes of Plotinus’ treatise abound. Like Plotinus at Enn. 7-11, Euxitheus admonishes us not to be surprised by human wickedness, since man is placed half-way between beasts and the divine (23,4-7). Even the lowest part of creation, Euxitheus goes on to argue, has its proper place in the universal order, and must not be dismissed by comparison with superior beings (23,15-23). Here, again, Plotinus is in the offing: Enn.

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