By Shlomo Izre'El
The scholarly international first grew to become conscious of the parable of Adapa and the South Wind while it used to be chanced on on a pill from the El-Amarna archive in 1887. we have now at our disposal six fragments of the parable. the biggest and most vital fragment, from Amarna, is dated to the 14th century B.C.E. This fragment of the Adapa delusion has red-tinted issues utilized at the pill at particular periods. Izre'el attracts cognizance to a couple of those issues that have been neglected in prior courses by way of Knudtzon and Schroeder. 5 different fragments have been a part of the Assurbanipal library and are consultant of this fable because it used to be identified in Assyria approximately seven centuries later.
The discovery of the parable of Adapa and the South Wind instantly attracted extensive consciousness. Its ideology and its correspondence to the highbrow historical past of Western religions prompted flourishing stories of this fantasy, either philological and important. Many translations have seemed in past times century, laying off gentle on a variety of points of the parable and its characters. Izre'el unveils the parable of Adapa and the South Wind as mythos, as tale. to do that, he analyzes the underlying innovations via huge therapy of shape. He deals an version of the extant fragments of the parable, together with the transliterated Akkadian textual content, a translation, and a philological remark. The research of poetic shape that follows results in figuring out the parable as a bit of literature and to uncovering its meanings. This learn for this reason marks a brand new section within the lengthy, broad examine into this Mesopotamian delusion.
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Extra resources for Adapa and the South Wind: Language Has the Power of Life and Death
1992; 1992;Yellin Yellinand andMaeir Maeir1992). NAA NAA has hasbeen beenapplied appliedto totablets tabletsVAT VAT348 348(~EA (= EA356; 356;Adapa), Adapa),VAT VAT16,1 1611(the (theBerlin Berlin Fragment FragmentofEA of EA357; 357;Nergal Nergaland andEreskigal), EreSkigal),and andVAT VAT1612 1612(~EA (= EA358) 358)to toanaanalyze lyzethem themchemically, chemically,or orin inother otherwords, words,to tochemically chemically"fingerprint" "fingerprint"them themas asaafirst first step in fixing their origin.
The mean value and root-mean-square root-mean-square deviation (RMSD) (expressed (expressed in a percentage) of the pair are also given. The smallness smallness of of the RMSD for all elements is convincing evidence that we are dealing with identical compositions. If If the compositions compositions were not the same, we would expect wild flucfluctuations tuations in in the the RMSD. RMSD. I turn tum attention now to the composition of of VAT 1612 (EA 358). Its composition is different from that of of VAT 348 (EA 356) and VAT 1611 16II (EA 357) and cannot cannot be be related related to to them them by by invoking invoking aa dilution dilution factor.
Cf. line line 26') thing good' 261) have been a topic topic of some some discussion, discussion, suggesting suggesting a PA (more (more precisely, Egyptian~Akkadian) Egyptian-Akkadian)origin (see (see my commentary commentary to line line 26', precisely, 261, p. 24). 24). 1 52 'I Dating Dating and and Compositional Compositional Factors Factors Chapter Chapter 22 (Schroeder (Schroeder r915), 1915),the the ductus ductus of of the the two two tablets tablets may may even even be be regarded regarded as as identiidentical.
Adapa and the South Wind: Language Has the Power of Life and Death by Shlomo Izre'El