By Yongxiang Lu
A historical past of chinese language technology and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & three) offers forty four person lectures, starting with historical chinese language technology and expertise within the means of Human Civilizations and an summary of chinese language technology and know-how, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of a number of matters within the historical past of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with subject matters on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and drugs, The 4 nice innovations, and numerous technological components heavily relating to garments, nutrients, guard and transportation.
This e-book is the main authoritative paintings at the historical past of chinese language technology and know-how. it's the Winner of the China e-book Award, the Shanghai publication Award (1st prize), and the Classical China overseas Publishing undertaking (GAPP, normal management of Press and booklet of China) and provides an important source for tutorial researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a chain of forty four lectures offered to most sensible chinese language leaders, which bought very optimistic suggestions. Written by way of best chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the heritage of usual Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and plenty of different revered chinese language firms, the publication is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the background of technological know-how, philosophy of technology and expertise, and similar disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vp of the nationwide Congress of China.
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Extra resources for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1
These projects have been established on the basis of the labor system, while the obligations of relatively autonomous agricultural villages to the country are to pay taxes and provide labor. In the Han Dynasty, there appeared special laws named “Junshu,” involving labor apportionment and tax calculation and other planning issues. Below the Minister of Agriculture, price-regulating official and commodity circulation official were appointed to implement state regulation on goods distribution and price moderation.
The fleet led by Bartolomeu Dias arrived in the Cape of Good Hope, the southernmost tip of African continent in 1487. From 1497 to 1499, Vasco da Gama succeeded in sailing across the Atlantic Ocean into the Indian Ocean with the help of Islamic navigators. Spices, ivory, jewelry, and silk brought back from India kindled a great enthusiasm in Europeans to get wealthy through maritime trade and colonial plunder. Another major maritime power Spain supported the Italian Christopher Columbus in his Westward expedition toward the East.
In the Wei and Jin Dynasties, metaphysics contained various elements of Buddhism. In astronomy and mathematics, clues betraying exchanges between China and India can be found. For instance, many books on astronomy and mathematics entitled Brahman are seen in the catalog of history books for the royal forum hosted by Xiao Yan (464–549), Emperor Wu of Liang, on cosmic models in China and India. Another interesting case in point is that Rong Cheng Method for Determining Cardinal Directions as recorded in Memoir on Some Numerological Arts of China is completely the same as the astronomic orientation in Articifiers’ Record of India, while the location and protagonist are from China.
A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1 by Yongxiang Lu