By Jennifer Birkett
This complete new advisor maps the historical past of French literature from Rabelais to Koltes. performs, poetry, and prose through the nice writers of the French literary culture are mentioned along paintings recovered from canonical margins via new scholarship and varied serious views. contains up to date bibliographies.
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Extra info for A Guide to French Literature: From Early Modern to Postmodern
The short story form, influenced by the Italian novella - the long short story - and the oral popular tale, drew the roles and relations of men and women in the old gaulois tradition. A typical collection might be the Nouvelles Recreations et joyeux devis (1558) of Bonaventure des Periers or the scabrous anecdotes of the abbe de Brantome, Pierre de Bourdeille (15401614), published posthumously in his Memoires ... con tenant les vies des dames galantes de son temps (1666). Chivalrous romance remained popular, especially with the first translation by Herberay des Essarts in 1540 of Amadis de Gaule, from the Spanish original.
By the middle of the century, what had been relatively mixed audiences had narrowed to Vaugelas's elite of Court and Town, watching newly-formed professional troupes under royal and ministerial patronage. 6 Its ultimate codification appeared in the Art poetique (1674) of Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux (1636-1711), where the watchwords of classical theatre were presented as propriety and truth to nature. The 'nature' in question was assumed to be universally and essentially unchanging. Nature is, however, as the Romantics would later point out, a concept whose meaning is 42 The Making of the Modern Subject transformed by each generation.
The gatherings presided over by the marquise de Rambouillet (15881665) and Madeleine de Scudery (1607-1701) encouraged not only the expansion of cultural activity but also the dissemination of aesthetic, social and linguistic norms. Madeleine de Scudery's romans a ele (Artamene, ou Ie Grand Cyrus, 1649-53; Cle1ie, histoire romaine, 1654-60, with its famous allegorical map of Love, the 'Carte de Tendre') staged the activities of salon contemporaries in thin historical disguise. Preciosity, developed in the salons, which aimed to produce a subtle metaphorical discourse for the analysis of the passions, at its best helped generate the innovatory work of the classical moralists and dramatists.
A Guide to French Literature: From Early Modern to Postmodern by Jennifer Birkett