Ben-Ami Scharfstein's A Comparative History of World Philosophy: From the PDF

By Ben-Ami Scharfstein

A Comparative historical past of worldwide Philosophy offers a private but balanced consultant via what the writer argues to be the 3 nice philosophical traditions: chinese language, eu, and Indian. The booklet breaks in the course of the cultural boundaries among those traditions, proving that regardless of their enormous alterations, basic resemblances exist of their summary rules. Ben-Ami Scharfstein argues that Western scholars of philosophy will revenue significantly in the event that they examine Indian and chinese language philosophy from the very starting, in addition to their very own. Written with readability and infused with a fascinating narrative voice, this publication is prepared thematically, proposing in nearly each bankruptcy attribute perspectives from every one culture that characterize comparable positions within the middle components of metaphysics and epistemology. while, Scharfstein develops each one culture traditionally because the chapters spread. He offers a very good number of philosophical positions rather, heading off the relativism and ethnocentrism which can simply plague a comparative presentation of Western and non-Western philosophies.

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Example text

Yet is it not absurd to suggest-as we seem to have done-that things did not exist before words? Certainly; but what is not absurd is the view that things considered as having their place, and at certain points their essential place, in a certain system of multiple and possibly constitutive relations between things-things considered in some such specific way must be considered as one order in a system of which the other order is furnished by a particular language and culture. Of course, questions about the genesis, change and decay of linguistic or economic systems are in order: they are important questions.

One central case, for instance, is educational. In moral education, transformation of a quasi-value into a real value is a characteristic process. The parent (let us say) is concerned that his child should value truthfulness. He begins by concentrating upon it as a quasi-value, that is, by applying punishment and reward. The child at first comes to aim at the cultivation of truthfulness with a view to avoiding punishment and pleasing his parents. In due course, he may come to aim at truthfulness without qualification.

The whole class of cases considered may be called appetitives, since they all involve some form of (real or paronymous) striving for some state of affairs. The primary sort of appetitive is the cotzative in which all three conditions of section 2 hold. This is the case of which wanting is the paradigmatic example. But, of course, wanting in the sense defined is a feature of many different psychological states. The analysis adumbrated will enable us to display what may be called the appetitive skeleton of all such cases.

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A Comparative History of World Philosophy: From the Upanishads to Kant by Ben-Ami Scharfstein

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